Environmental Science Questions

Unit II

  1. Which of the following is not the environment effect of industrialization in general?
  1. a)     Solid waste         b) Water pollution
  2. c)     Air pollution       d) Economic growth
  1. Which of the following are major environmental issues involved in mining?
  1. Air pollution from dust
  2. Water pollution
  3. Soil degradation
  4. All of the above 
  1. Sustainable development means
  1. Meeting present needs without compromising on the future
  2. Progress in human well beings
  3. Balance between human needs and the ability of Earth to provide the resources
  4. All the above 
  1. The most important remedy to avoid negative impact due to industrialization is
  1. Industry should be closed
  2. Don’t allow new industrial units
  3. Industry should treat all the wastes generated by it before disposal
  4. Industries should shifted far away from human habitats
  1. Mining means
  1. To conserve & preserve minerals
  2. To check pollution due to mineral resources
  3. To extract minerals and ores
  4. None
  1. E.I.A can be expanded as
  1. Environment & Industrial Act
  2. Environment & Impact Activities
  3. Environment Impact Assessment
  4. Environmentally Important Activity
  1. E.I.A is  related to
  1. Resource conservation
  2. Efficient equipment/ process
  3. Waste minimization
  4. All of the above 
  1. In order to protect the health of people living along the adjoining areas of roads, one should
  1. Plant trees alongside of the roads
  2. Not allow diesel driven vehicles
  3. Shift them (people) to other places
  4. None of the above
  1. The pollution caused by transportation/vehicular activities depends on
  1. Type of the vehicle’s engine
  2. Age of the vehicle
  3. Traffic congestion
  4. All of the above 
  1. Sustainable development will not aim at
  2. Social economic development which optimizes the economic and societal benefits available in the present, without spoiling the likely potential for similar benefits in the future
  3. Reasonable and equitably distributed level of economic well being that can be perpetuated continually
  4. Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
  5. Maximizing the present day benefits through increased resource consumption
    1. Which of the following is a key element of EIA?
    1. Scoping
    2. Screening
    3. Identifying and evaluating alternative
    4. All the above
    1.  ‘Earth Day’ is held every year on
    1. June 5th
    2. November 23rd
    3. April 22nd
    4. January 26th

     

    1. Eutrophication is
    1. An improved quality  of water in lakes
    2. A process in carbon cycle
    3. The result to accumulation of plant nutrient in water bodies
    4. A water purification technique
    1. Major purpose of most of the dams around the world is
    1. Power generation
    2. Drinking water supply
    3. Flood control
    4. Irrigation
    1. Which of the following is the most environmental friendly agriculture practice?
    1. Using chemical fertilizers
    2. Using insecticides
    3. Organic farming
    4. None of the above
    1. The adverse effect of modern agriculture is
    1. Water pollution
    2. Soil pollution
    3. Water logging
    4. All the above 
    1. Soil erosion surface soil which contains
    1. Organic matter
    2. Plant nutrients
    3. Both a and b
    4. None
    1. Water logging is a phenomenon in which
    1. Crop patterns are rotated
    2. Soil root zone becomes saturated due to over irrigation
    3. Erosion of soil
    4. None of the above
    1. The impact of construction of dams
    1. Submerges forest
    2. Loss of wild life habitat
    3. Damages down stream ecosystem
    4. All of the above 
    1. Which of the following statement is false
    1. Soil erosion effects the productivity of agriculture fields
    2. It takes 300 years for one inch of agriculture top soil to form
    3. The amount of erosion depends on soil type, slope, drainage pattern and crop management practices
    4. Soil erosion helps to retain water and nutrients in the root zone                                                                                                
      1. Which of the following statement is false
      1. Surface runoff carry pesticides into streams
      2. Water percolating downward through agriculture lands carries with it dissolved chemicals
      3. Present agricultural practice does not contaminate water
      4. None of the above
      1. farmers have a tendency to
      1. use optimum quantity of water
      2. to conserve water
      3. to over irrigate their crops
      4. Al of the above
      1. organic farming is
      1. farming without using pesticides and chemical fertilizers
      2. enhances biodiversity
      3. promotes soil biological activity
      4. All of the above 
      1. What would you do to prevent environmental damage
      1. Plant trees
      2. Halt deforestation
      3. Control pollution
      4. All of the above
      1. Environmental impact assessment
      1. Is a study of feasibility of a project
      2. Is a study of bio-physical characteristics of the environment that may result from a human action
      3. Both ‘a’ and ‘b’
      4. None of the above
      1. EIA study will help
      1. Maximizing the benefits without overloading the planets ecosystem
      2. To estimate the future needs of the society
      3. To smooth implementation of the project
      4. To cope up with rapid growth of population
      1. Ecosystem is distributed by housing activity because
      1. Large volume of raw materials like brick, stone, timber, cement, steel plastic etc are required to be produced
      2. Housing is required to provide shelter to growing population
      3. Majority of housing projects are concentrated in cities only
      4. Standard of living is increased by modern houses
      1. Environmental impact of mining
      1. Brings order into social setup
      2. Devastation of Ecosystem
      3. Present mining activity is a sustainable development
      4. Mining has no adverse effect on ecosystem as it is located in remote areas
      1. Effect of modern agriculture on soil is due to
      1. Erosion
      2. Acidifation
      3. Salinization
      4. All
      1. Bio-remediation means the removal of contaminants from
      1. Soil
      2. Water
      3. Ground water                                                                    Due credit to Vturesource -source of the material       In case you face any problem in downloading any books or you need something. please feel free to follow me on Facebook-Sanjay  and message me there only to get that fixed/your job quickly. You may read up the instructions given on “About author” page in this blog to make things easy.

        good luck,                                                             -sanjay

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